Hungarian architecture is really strong and has characteristic. Influenced by so many factor such as renaissance, gothic, modernization, even factor like islamic and christianity architecture. World war also make important role in architecture.
In 10th century, King Stephen I played dominant role on architecture. He send many Italian and roman craftsman to build basilica. One of the largest build was Basilica of the assumption of the blessed virgin marry at that time. Later Hungarian Romanesque style were introduced in Pecs cathedral building architecture, it’s mixed style from Hungarian with byzantine and roman architecture.
In 11th century, the art of Hungarian architecture were more complex. During King Bella III, Hungarian architecture influenced by byzantine and French. It may be found in Eztergom, a city that located 46km from Budapest had similar design to Constantinople.
Following era, Contemporary of gothic style were spread across majority of Europe. It can be found in Zirc Abbey, Pilis Abbey. Building style were so much different from others. Gothic style were spread in 13th century. Usually the building has inner space, lord’s choir, no pillar on the outside. But unfortunately, some construction were interrupted when Mongolian invasion.
Renaissance were introduced in 15th century. Replacing gothic architecture, Hungarian renaissance mostly came from French-German style spread through nobility and priest also political reason. Hungarian renaissance divided into 3 periods, early, mature, and late renaissance period. Early renaissance building can be seen on Matthias palace, the royal palace of Visegard, villa of nyek. Design usually has façade, decorative motives, window and door. New style appeared on transdanubia, Salaj, ciuc mountains, and alba lulia cathedral (St. Michael cathedral now in Romania). Mature and late renaissance can be seen on Bakocz chapel.
Ottoman architecture also played role in Hungarian architecture history. For example mosque of pasha qasim in pecs, some public spa like rudas bath.
In early 19th century, Hungarian architecture adopted classical type. Building with mostly pillar on the outside, can be found in eztergom basilica.